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Evidence Portfolio for Most Suitable Sustainability Model for
       Electronic Meeting Management [EMM] [A2]	

Management Summary
a	Definition Economic Models
b	IBM work Teams - Electronic Meeting System [EMS] & Group Support Software [GSS]
c	12 years GSS Research University Arizona
d	Participatory Economics - ParEcon
e	Sustainability Neighbourhood Councils - Allan JONES MBE
f	MeetingKing - Meeting Types suited for electronic meetings
g	OIC Meeting Participation eCredits Model - Intranet
h	ebXML Meeting eCredits Model - Internet 
i	Council SaaS Implementations include:
  1  Info Council-Australian Council Agenda Software – 100+ users
  2  Mosman Council-SaaS Library System
  3  Auckland Regional Council-SaaS "Collaboration & Change Management System"
References 

PERFORMANCE CRITERIA  - Evidence Portfolio for Most Suitable Sustainability 
Model for Electronic Meeting Management [EMM].

INDEX OF PERFORMANCE CRITERIA
1.1	Undertake a competitive analysis to determine the most suitable 
	Sustainability Model for your eBusiness Application
1.2	Assess cost implications of implementation of different e-business 
	Sustainability models
1.3	SWOT Analysis
1.4	Proposed Model for EMM

Management Summary

The Sustainability Model for Electronic Meeting Management [EMM] as a "Collaboration Platform Model [CPM]" includes: 1 Collaborative Royalties & Credits 2 Membership & Web-page Sponsorship 3 Participation & Contribution Credits 4 Software-as-a-Service [SaaS] The evidence provided below illustrates how a "Collaboration Platform Model" for Sustainability eBusiness Applications is well suited for any Small and Medium-size Organisation [SMO] Electronic Information Interchange [EII] Application in the Sustainability Arena The major difference for a sustainable Sustainability Model as opposed to a simple Financial Business Model is that Sustainability requires "the simultaneous consideration of environment, life and human wellbeing" {ref P37 - Ecologic Integrity, Economic Security and Social Equity}. EVIDENCE FOR "CPM" AS MODEL FOR SUSTAINABLE E-COMMUNITY APPLICATIONS a Definition Economic Models b IBM work Teams - Electronic Meeting System [EMS] c 12 years GSS Research University Arizona d Participatory Economics - ParEcon e Sustainability Neighbourhood Councils - Allan JONES MBE f MeetingKing - Meeting Types suited for electronic meetings g OIC Meeting Participation eCredits Model - Intranet h ebXML Meeting eCredits Model - Internet i Council SaaS Implementations include 1 Info Council-Australian Council Agenda Software - 100+ users 2 Mosman Council-SaaS "Library System" 3 Auckland Regional Council-SaaS "Collaboration and Change Management System"

a DEFINITION ECONOMIC MODELS

EXTRACT FROM WHIKIPEIA >History >http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economic_model#History > >One of the major problems addressed by economic models has been understanding >economic growth. > >An early attempt to provide a technique to approach this came from the French >physiocratic school in the Eighteenth century. > >Among these economists, François Quesnay should be noted, particularly for his >development and use of tables he called Tableaux économiques. > >These tables have in fact been interpreted in more modern terminology as a >Leontiev model > >All through the 18th century (that is, well before the founding of modern >political economy, conventionally marked by Adam Smith's 1776 Wealth of >Nations) simple probabilistic models were used to understand the >economics of insurance. > >This was a natural extrapolation of the theory of gambling, and played an >important role both in the development of probability theory itself and >in the development of actuarial science. > >Many of the giants of 18th century mathematics contributed to this field. > >Around 1730, De Moivre addressed some of these problems in the 3rd edition >of the Doctrine of Chances. > >Even earlier (1709), Nicolas Bernoulli studies problems related to savings >and interest in the Ars Conjectandi. > >In 1730, Daniel Bernoulli studied "moral probability" in his book Mensura Sortis, >where he introduced what would today be called "logarithmic utility of money" >and applied it to gambling and insurance problems, including a solution of >the paradoxical Saint Petersburg problem. It appears that the main issue with these Industrial Age Economic Models is that the Models have been based on Gambling, Probability and Risk Taking for Insurance Actuarial Calculations rather than Work, Effort and Team Work calculations for Sustainability issues. This is hardly surprising because in the 1770s when Adam SMITH wrote "the Wealth of Nations" every country in Europe was endeavouring to expand its Colonial Empire for Plunder rather than improve the living standards, knowledge and well-being of the General Public. This is why in "The Information Age" community credit has to be giving for active Participation in team Consortia rather than Industrial Age financial credit for the "Exploitation of Assets"

b IBM WORK TEAMS & ELECTRONIC MEETING SYSTEM [EMS]

In the early 1990s key organisations like IBM concluded that "Business in the Future will rely more than ever on the work of teams". Ref MIS Quarterly 1990 In the 1990 Report by Ron GROHOWSKI & Chris McGOFF IBM & Doug VOGEL, Ben MARETZ & Jay NUNAMAKER University Arizona it states: >Businesses of the Future will rely more than ever on the work of teams. > >Making better use of the time teams spend in meetings will be a high priority, >as will being able to adapt rapidly to change. > >Electronic Meeting Systems [EMS], which apply information technology to support >the meeting process, can help accomplish this goal.

c 12-YEARS GSS RESEARCH UNIVERSITY ARIZONA

In 1991 The University of Arizona project team produced a report >"Lessons from a Dozen Years of Group Support Systems Research" > >A Discussion of Lab and Field Findings > >Jay F. Nunamaker, Jr. Robert O. Briggs Daniel D. Mittleman Douglas R. Vogel > >Center for the Management of Information >MIS Department >Karl Eller Graduate School of Management >The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA 85721-0108 > >Pierre A. Balthazard >University of North Carolina Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, USA 27412 >__________________________________________________________________ >Abstract > >During the past dozen years researchers at The University of Arizona have built >six generations of Group Support Systems [GSS] software, conducted over 150 >research studies, and facilitated over 4,000 projects. > >This article reports on lessons learned through that experience. > >It begins by presenting a theoretical foundation for the Groupware Grid, a tool for >designing and evaluating GSS. > >It then reports lessons from nine key domains: > >1 GSS (Groupware Support Software) in organizations >2 Cross-cultural and Multi-cultural Issues >3 Designing GSS software >4 Collaborative writing >5 Electronic polling >6 GSS facilities & room design >7 Leadership and facilitation >8 GSS in the classroom >9 Business process re-engineering > >Many things can go wrong with teamwork [76]. Participants may fail to understand >why their goals, may lack focus, or may have hidden agendas (Figure 1). > >Table 1. Lessons learned about GSS in organizations > >1 GSS technology does not replace leadership. > >2 GSS technology does not imply any particular leadership style. > >3 GSS can make a well planned meeting better; and it can make a poorly > planned meeting worse. > >4 Individuals must have incentive to contribute to group effort **1 > >5 GSS can reduce labor costs by more than 50% and project time up to 90% ****2 **1 >4 Individuals must have incentive to contribute to group effort It is this issue that was address by the Open Interchange Consortium [OIC] eCredits Research in 1996-2006 into viable incentives for individual contributions to Group Efforts ****2 >5 GSS can reduce labor costs by more than 50% and project time by up to 90% The IBM and University of Arizona findings indicate GSS does have a significant impact on Project costs and time-tables

d PARTICIPATORY ECONOMICS - PARECON

Around the same time a new Economic System was being proposed by Michael ALBERT and Robin HAHNEL called "Participatory Economics - ParEcon" >Decision-making principle > >One of the primary propositions of ParEcon is that all persons should have a say >in each decision proportionate to the degree to which they are affected by it. > >This decision-making principle is often referred to as self-management. > >Allocation in a Participatory Economy Consumers' and producers' councils ALBERT >and HAHNEL proposed the creation and organization of consumer's and producers' >councils to implement the decision making principle. > >Many individuals would participate in both types of councils. > >These would be similar to workers' councils. > >Consumers' councils act as decision-making bodies for consumption planning, >and producers' councils - which are culminations of several workers' councils >- act as decision-making bodies for production planning. > >Geographically, consumers' councils would probably be nested within the same >neighbourhood councils, ward councils, city or regional councils and a country >council used for political decision-making through parpolity - parecon's >political counterpart. Hence ParEcon also recognised that an effective meeting administration system would play an important role in a future Economic Model While the Political Views of ParEcon have not been considered EMM provides a way for Social Equity to be earned by individuals for Group Participation and Contributions

e SUSTAINABILITY NEIGHBOURHOOD COUNCILS

This idea of Neighbourhood Councils for Sustainability has been proposed by Allan JONES MBE in his presentation Green Transformers Seminar" on 22 Jul 2008 at Sydney Town Hall His Presentation explained how he had established at Woking Council "81 private wire decentralised energy systems" which reduced the Carbon Emissions by 77%. The Population of Woking Borough Council in 2008 was 91,600 with about 36,00 Households Ref Woking Council web-site hence each decentraliased energy sysyem caters for about 1500 people or about 500 households >In 2009, Jones was appointed as chief development officer, energy and climate >change by the City of Sydney to provide leadership, strategic direction and >high level advocacy. His role includes promoting the changes needed to support >the development and delivery of green infrastructure as set out in the >Sustainable Sydney 2030 plan. > >Sydney has an ambitious target to reduce CO2 emissions by 70% (based on 2006 >levels) by 2030

f MEETINGKING - MEETING TYPE BENEFICIARIES

"Meeting King" is a Software Product that also recognised that any meeting would become more efficient with the use of technology >MeetingKing is for everyone who has meetings eg: >1 CEOs - for executive team meetings >2 Venture Capitalists - for board meetings >3 Sales Managers - for internal and/or remote staff meetings >4 Marketing Managers - for department meetings >5 School Administrators - for management team meetings >6 Lawyers and accountants - for client meetings >7 Secretary of the Soccer Club - for parent meetings > >You get the idea. If you have meetings, are responsible for tasks or assign tasks, >MeetingKing will make your live easier and your work more productive."

g OIC MEETING PARTICIPATION ECREDITS MODEL - INTRANET

At the 1996 OIC Annual General Meeting [AGM] 23 Jul 1996 members unanimously agreed to implement a Volunteer eCredits systems for Committee and Event Participation The Management Committee agreed to develop and electronic credits system to overcome the problems identified by the Reports from Arizona University in 1990 and 1991 particularly > >4 Individuals must have incentive to contribute to group effort **1 The OIC eCredits was implemented in all OIC Special Interest Groups from 2001 The eCredits system took into consider Travel Time and contributions in the form of reports as part of a Membership Accreditation Program In addition North Sydney Council had implemented in the late 19703 under the Mayor, Ted MACK, a Community Precinct System whereby 26 Precincts were established for the full Council Area In 2009 the North Sydney Council called for Public Submissions on the 2020 Vision as part of the North Sydney Council "Community Engagement Strategy [CES]". The OIC submitted a proposal for a Sustainable eCouncil System in line with the 2008 Presentation "Green Transformers" given by Allan JONES MBE in Sydney.

h ebXML MEETING ECREDITS MODEL - INTERNET

In 2002 ebXML Australia, which was the Peak Body appointed by the Australian Government to promote the adoption and promotion of XML in Australia, agreed to trial the "RUBAC Electronic Communication and Filing System" for a marketing meeting. The Members of ebXML Australia including Standards Australia comprised the following members and their meeting attendance for the RUBAC eCredits Participation and Contribution System This trial was for a Marketing Strategy meeting where the draft minutes were circulated and checked by attendees who advised of changes electronically. This was the objective of this trial to illustrate how Electronic Records really improve the efficiency of meetings

i SOFTWARE-AS-A-SEVICE [SaaS]

1 Infosphere An Australian software House "Infosphere" developed Council Agenda Management Software as a "Software-as-a-Service [SaaS]" Application According to "Infosphere" website as at 14 Feb 2011 approximately 90 Australian Councils uses their Council Agenda Management SaaS Software Infosphere is a Microsoft Certified Partner In addition there are other Councils that use SaaS in other applications including 2 Mosman Council - Northshore "Shorelink Library Management" System Mosman Council Minutes 03 Feb 2009 and further correspondence on this issue 3 Auckland Regional Council " Auckland Regional Council (ARC) has eliminated costly outsourcing of document production by implementing a SaaS solution that handles collaboration and change management." "You are not going to get the absolutely pretty documents, but we are producing high quality documents for a fraction of the cost, and it's all in HTML." "According to Objective Corporation research, each local council in Australia could save some $3 million per year through more efficient document production processes" References Home | Definitions | IEO | EEM | DEB | IES | IBM Research EMS | Disclaimer | Copyright
























































































































































































Revised: S: 16:46 Wed 20/02/2002 Lon TW12 1QB
F: 17:22 Wed 20/02/2002 Lon TW12 1QB
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